In social studies, we are currently studying social evolution, specifically a theory called the PEST revolution. PEST stands for the; political, economical, social, and technological advances/revolutions that have occurred over the course of history. I honestly believe that they could occur in any given order.
For the purpose of this document of learning, I will be starting with the industrial revolution, which is my own additive, than an economical revolution, preceding a major political change, followed by a social adjustment, and ending in a technological revolution.
The industrial revolution that you will be reading about in one moment, is closely tied to the Great Depression. If you have never heard of the Great Depression, you’ve been living under a rock. The Great Depression, and the effects it had on our society, are enormous!
Just to clarify, before this document of learning, I had never learnt anything about the Great Depression, the industrial revolution, or the Second World War. That being said, I will not in any means judge you, if you haven’t heard of the Great Depression. I do however, hope that this post will teach you something about it. There are also some great links for reference at the bottom of this page.
So the following is pretty much what I’ve learnt over the past two days, and how I believe that the revolutions connect themselves.
In my opinion, it is easy to draw a straight line between the Great Depression, and the industrial revolution. The industrial revolution, was essentially when a bunch of machines were created. These new machines caused many people to lose their jobs, or receive job cuts, because they were slower than machines.
Image courtesy of Wikipedia
This same thing is currently occurring, but on a much smaller scale. If you’ve ever been to a supermarket, you have probably seen self-checkout stands. They are where you pay for your items, but they don’t require a cashier. Only one worker is required, cutting back on the individual cashiers at every stand, that were once common.
The Great Depression was an economical setback, wiping Americans of thousands of jobs. National poverty, and debt settled in all over the country. People slaving away, working multiple jobs, still couldn’t salvage enough money to eat, in many cases, let alone buy new clothes, or pay mortgages. Lots of other people couldn’t find any jobs to begin with.
When Theodore Roosevelt came into power, many changes occurred. One of the main sections in his platform, was to give everyone jobs. So, he created work, mainly so that people had work to do. He made many public works, including bridges, dams and many buildings, including hospitals and schools. The workers on these projects, were commonly payed just enough to purchase the necessary food to feed their families. These public works were part of a document that Roosevelt created, called the New Deal.
Image courtesy of iCollector.com
The new deal had three parts to it, relief, recovery and reform. Relief focuses mainly on the unemployed, and poor. It works on getting them back on their feet. Recovery was working on balancing the economy, and leading Americans out of debt. Finally, reform was to fix the financial system, and hopefully prevent a second depression.
After reading about the new deal, I began to realize that Roosevelt genuinely cared about society, and the economy. I guess I’m not American, but at the same time, I was slightly surprised that I’d never really heard about him. I also find it funny, that Roosevelt created the new deal. He was born into a fairly rich family, and wasn’t ever taught about business. Hoover, the president right before him, was born poor, making his way up the food chain, but still couldn’t figure out the economy!
Just thirty days before Roosevelt came into power, Adolf Hitler became the chancellor of Germany. Adolf Hitler was essentially the leader who began World War II. Nearly two years into the Second World War, the Japanese, bombed Pearl Harbour, in Hawaii. This lead to America joining the Second World War, as per Franklin Roosevelt’s orders.
In the Second World War, many social adjustments occurred. In order to preserve wool, and cotton, women’s dresses became increasingly shorter. The few inches in change, were drastic compared to the little amount of skin originally being revealed. Women who worked in auxiliary units during the Second World War, also started being payed the same as men. Usually women worked as nurses in the army or navy, although, there were the odd female marines and coast guards.
By the end of World War II, a major technological revolution occurred. The creation of nuclear weapons ended the war. While nuclear weapons were a horrible invention, without them, the mass destruction of the war, could have been even greater.
Its not something that I particularly enjoy thinking about, but I find myself contemplating what would’ve happened if nuclear weapons weren’t invented, quite often.
How long would the war continue on? Would it kill off the whole population?
I have a theory, I believe that the war would have continued to no end, until nuclear weapons were invented. Without them, humans wouldn’t realize how much destruction they were truly causing. It is just a theory, so for now, we just have to wait and see. Although, I’d bet money, that world war three is just around the corner. Maybe it will end with nuclear destruction. Maybe it won’t end, until there are no people left to end it…
So there you have it, my own version of the idea of PEST revolutions. I will call mine IEPST. As a challenge learner, we have to fill out IEP’s which is short for “Individualized Education Plan.” For the purpose of this assignment, I remember what order the letters go in by thinking that we are filling out our “IEP’S Tomorrow.”
Some really good resource sites on the Great Depression and World War II, include but are not limited to: